Everything about red brand canners case analysis
These groove ring wax seal finishes, regardless of the distinct production approach used (discussed afterwards), surface when looking down within the rim of the end for being two circular and parallel ridges with an indented groove separating them. This groove was identified as an "annular groove" by early glassmakers.
Bottle makers catalogs after the late 1890s only list hexagonal models, whenever they checklist any gothic design sauces.
Equivalent 20th century jars Along with the bead underneath the threads truly seal to the rim (lip) by using a metallic lid Together with the rubber (or rubber-like) sealing surface a lasting Section of the lid which is held in position by metallic screw band. The sealing compound on the lid would soften underneath heat while canning and adapt by itself to slight irregularities to the jar rim delivering a good seal (Creswick 1987). These jars/closures ended up especially preferred beginning from the late 1910s and twenties and remain in use nowadays.
Canning jars were being acquired by buyers in numerous other ways. Potentially the most typical way was likely outright buy for property canning use.
The incredibly significant (13" tall having an approximate one.5 gallon ability) hexagonal pickle bottle into the considerably still left was a common gothic condition made by several bottle makers for an extended timeframe. The pictured illustration is with the 1906 Illinois Glass Business catalog and is sort of identical in form (and sizing) including the shoulder style and design along with the "scallop" result at The underside with the indented human body panels.
This section addresses the most often encountered canning jar/closure kinds, although at the conclusion of this segment is really a table with numerous dozen hyperlinks to pictures of various jars/closures produced during the next fifty percent on the 19th century to provide users a really feel for that immense variations doable. For example, the jar team graphic earlier mentioned reveals a little assortment of unconventional mid to late nineteenth century closures. (Photo courtesy of Greg Spurgeon Antiques.) Generally, all canning jars usually share three binding attributes: an exceedingly huge mouth/bore, a proportionally tall entire body and quick neck, and some sort of (with any luck ,) air tight sealing closure (Toulouse 1969a; McKearin & Wilson 1978).
The reasonably vast mouth quart+ bottle/jar mentioned earlier - and pictured to the above mentioned left - is labeled (no entire body embossing) as owning been utilized for "Crown Brand Queen Olives" via the S. S. Pierce Co. of Boston, MA. This was a substantial Boston centered foods packing organization (of which there were many) that was set up as a corner food market in 1831 and swiftly blossomed to "Importers and Grocers" creating and importing scores of products; they have been still in business enterprise as late as 1980 (Zumwalt 1980). This design was named an "English chow," "English pickle," or "chow chow" by bottle makers even though was certainly employed for other foods (Illinois Glass Co. 1906; Kearns-Gorsuch Bottle Co. 1916). This specific jar has an used, 1-portion "vast packer" (or "wide patent") complete, was blown in a very write-up-bottom mold, and has single shoulder air venting marks on either side. More substantial bottles such as this have been made with these diagnostic characteristics (the applied finish & write-up-bottom mould conformation) in to the 1890s and even early 1900s (especially When the jar was imported) which was Considerably afterwards than other smaller, narrower bore bottles.
The most common Total form for milk bottles for the majority in the time period coated by this Web-site was cylindrical or spherical in cross-segment. Additional specifically, with the 1880s when the initial distinct bottle design and style associated with the bottling of milk was invented and substantially applied (lined under) right until the late 1940s/early 1950s when sq. or rectangular bottles began to be more common, cylindrical designs dominated the milk bottle marketplace.
The ball neck panel (and linked) varieties were being The everyday condition for flavoring extracts from no less than the mid to late 1860s into a minimum of the nineteen fifties - well to the device-manufactured period (Whitall Tatum & Co. 1879, 1896, 1909; Obear-Nester Glass Co. 1922; Lucas County Bottle Co. ca. 1940; Knox Glass 1950s; empirical observations). The ball neck extract bottle wasn't solely used for flavoring extracts only since the type was also utilized for medicinal solutions, hair dyes, home furniture polish, cologne, and undoubtedly all kinds of other products. Actually, the ball neck panel bottle was typically shown with or close to the prescription druggist and patent medicinal variety bottles in glass maker catalogs and was certainly utilized frequently for medicines (Whitall Tatum & Co.
Just as cylindrical bottles have been the dominant form of milk bottle during the to start with fifty percent with the twentieth century, the most common shape for milk bottles made in the very last 50 % from the twentieth century (an period not especially coated by this Internet site) had been bottles which were square or rectangular in cross-area. Whilst square bottles had been very likely employed for milk bottling as early as 1898 (mouth-blown), when among the first patents for these was granted, square and rectangular milk bottles did not grow to be popular with dairies or milk bottlers - Together with the one insignificant exception discussed down below - right until the mid-nineteen forties (Gallagher & Munsey 1969; Giarde 1989; Tutton 1997; Schulz et al.
Even though the model was most widely used through the era noted (1850s to 1880s) they were made by at least one glassmaker while in the early 1900s as These are outlined while in the Robert J. Alther 1909 glassware catalog as being a "fluted pepper sauce" (Alther 1909; empirical observations). Click on Alther 1909 catalog webpage fifty five to see the web site in the catalog that exhibits their Edition of the bottle which appear original site similar to the illustrations pictured earlier mentioned, such as the vertically fluted physique ribs and a few tightly grouped horizontal rings over the neck (Alther 1909).
Even though the selection of different formed glass containers useful for meals goods was very in depth, many lessons of food items bottles and jars do share a few attributes in frequent. Especially, bottles/jars meant for bulky reliable food things (like preserved pickles, olives, fruits, and so forth.) had to possess a comparatively huge mouth (bore) in an effort to the facilitate the packing along with extraction of these solutions. (This really is obvious over the mid-nineteenth century "cathedral" pickle bottle pictured to the above mentioned remaining.) Some liquid meals containers like milk bottles (case in point to the appropriate) also experienced relatively large mouths for All round simplicity of use (and cleaning for re-use) although other extra liquid food items goods (oil, sauces) labored rather properly with slender mouth bottles.
There were numerous patented variants from the straddle-lip prime seal closure on an assortment of similar kind jars. None of such jars have been as common given that the shoulder seal Mason jars as the opportunity to reliably seal was from time to time compromised via the roughness of the bottom rim on mouth-blown jars. As a gaggle these are definitely often called "Improved Masons" - a phrase noted coined by John L. Mason himself although he didn't invent this unique closure method (Toulouse 1969a). Reasonably well-liked samples of these variety jars consist of: Mason's Improved, The Gem, The Hero, Victory (illustration reviewed underneath), Flaccus Brothers, and some other mouth-blown varieties through the past half with the nineteenth century in to the pretty early 20th.
Courting summary/notes: While the amount of distinctive jars with Lightning-kind closures fairly pales in comparison to the jars with exterior "Mason" screw threads, this closure was used on a substantial selection of various jar brands or kinds in the late 1870s by way of a minimum of the mid to late twentieth century (and probably nonetheless in some use nowadays).